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authorJames Laird <jhl@mafipulation.org>2013-03-27 13:00:23 +0000
committerStefan Tauner <stefan.tauner@alumni.tuwien.ac.at>2013-03-27 13:00:23 +0000
commitc60de0e87faa631887821892547f0554eed2727f (patch)
tree54b9eb93e87ead0498bdacd22f4a3cd3e0ffd2ae
parent226037da3d274fdf65e477e9ef1082356830b2c7 (diff)
downloadast2050-flashrom-c60de0e87faa631887821892547f0554eed2727f.zip
ast2050-flashrom-c60de0e87faa631887821892547f0554eed2727f.tar.gz
Add Altera USB-Blaster SPI programmer
Adds support for the Altera USB-Blaster programming dongle in Active Serial (AS) mode. Tested on both original product and a clone dongle. Corresponding to flashrom svn r1658. Signed-off-by: James Laird <jhl@mafipulation.org> Signed-off-by: Kyösti Mälkki <kyosti.malkki@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Stefan Tauner <stefan.tauner@alumni.tuwien.ac.at> Acked-by: Kyösti Mälkki <kyosti.malkki@gmail.com> Acked-by: Stefan Tauner <stefan.tauner@alumni.tuwien.ac.at>
-rw-r--r--Makefile30
-rw-r--r--README4
-rw-r--r--flashrom.86
-rw-r--r--flashrom.c12
-rw-r--r--programmer.h12
-rw-r--r--usbblaster_spi.c225
6 files changed, 282 insertions, 7 deletions
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index b948996..07fefc0 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -128,6 +128,11 @@ UNSUPPORTED_FEATURES += CONFIG_FT2232_SPI=yes
else
override CONFIG_FT2232_SPI = no
endif
+ifeq ($(CONFIG_USBBLASTER_SPI), yes)
+UNSUPPORTED_FEATURES += CONFIG_USBBLASTER_SPI=yes
+else
+override CONFIG_USBBLASTER_SPI = no
+endif
endif
# FIXME: Should we check for Cygwin/MSVC as well?
@@ -240,6 +245,11 @@ UNSUPPORTED_FEATURES += CONFIG_FT2232_SPI=yes
else
override CONFIG_FT2232_SPI = no
endif
+ifeq ($(CONFIG_USBBLASTER_SPI), yes)
+UNSUPPORTED_FEATURES += CONFIG_USBBLASTER_SPI=yes
+else
+override CONFIG_USBBLASTER_SPI = no
+endif
endif
ifneq ($(TARGET_OS), Linux)
@@ -349,6 +359,9 @@ CONFIG_ATAHPT ?= no
# Always enable FT2232 SPI dongles for now.
CONFIG_FT2232_SPI ?= yes
+# Always enable Altera USB-Blaster dongles for now.
+CONFIG_USBBLASTER_SPI ?= yes
+
# Always enable dummy tracing for now.
CONFIG_DUMMY ?= yes
@@ -474,12 +487,23 @@ NEED_PCI := yes
endif
ifeq ($(CONFIG_FT2232_SPI), yes)
-FTDILIBS := $(shell pkg-config --libs libftdi 2>/dev/null || printf "%s" "-lftdi -lusb")
# This is a totally ugly hack.
FEATURE_CFLAGS += $(shell LC_ALL=C grep -q "FTDISUPPORT := yes" .features && printf "%s" "-D'CONFIG_FT2232_SPI=1'")
+NEED_FTDI := yes
+PROGRAMMER_OBJS += ft2232_spi.o
+endif
+
+ifeq ($(CONFIG_USBBLASTER_SPI), yes)
+# This is a totally ugly hack.
+FEATURE_CFLAGS += $(shell LC_ALL=C grep -q "FTDISUPPORT := yes" .features && printf "%s" "-D'CONFIG_USBBLASTER_SPI=1'")
+NEED_FTDI := yes
+PROGRAMMER_OBJS += usbblaster_spi.o
+endif
+
+ifeq ($(NEED_FTDI), yes)
+FTDILIBS := $(shell pkg-config --libs libftdi 2>/dev/null || printf "%s" "-lftdi -lusb")
FEATURE_CFLAGS += $(shell LC_ALL=C grep -q "FT232H := yes" .features && printf "%s" "-D'HAVE_FT232H=1'")
FEATURE_LIBS += $(shell LC_ALL=C grep -q "FTDISUPPORT := yes" .features && printf "%s" "$(FTDILIBS)")
-PROGRAMMER_OBJS += ft2232_spi.o
# We can't set NEED_USB here because that would transform libftdi auto-enabling
# into a hard requirement for libusb, defeating the purpose of auto-enabling.
endif
@@ -799,7 +823,7 @@ export LINUX_SPI_TEST
features: compiler
@echo "FEATURES := yes" > .features.tmp
-ifeq ($(CONFIG_FT2232_SPI), yes)
+ifeq ($(NEED_FTDI), yes)
@printf "Checking for FTDI support... "
@echo "$$FTDI_TEST" > .featuretest.c
@$(CC) $(CPPFLAGS) $(CFLAGS) $(LDFLAGS) .featuretest.c -o .featuretest$(EXEC_SUFFIX) $(FTDILIBS) $(LIBS) >/dev/null 2>&1 && \
diff --git a/README b/README
index 8e812be..7f24cca 100644
--- a/README
+++ b/README
@@ -45,8 +45,8 @@ Build Instructions
To build flashrom you need to install the following software:
* pciutils+libpci (if you want support for mainboard or PCI device flashing)
- * libusb (if you want FT2232 or Dediprog support)
- * libftdi (if you want FT2232 support)
+ * libusb (if you want FT2232, Dediprog or USB-Blaster support)
+ * libftdi (if you want FT2232 or USB-Blaster support)
Linux et al:
diff --git a/flashrom.8 b/flashrom.8
index c6c518e..feb70d6 100644
--- a/flashrom.8
+++ b/flashrom.8
@@ -220,6 +220,8 @@ bitbanging adapter)
.sp
.BR "* linux_spi" " (for SPI flash ROMs accessible via /dev/spidevX.Y on Linux)"
.sp
+.BR "* usbblaster_spi" " (for SPI flash ROMs attached to an Altera USB-Blaster compatible cable)"
+.sp
Some programmers have optional or mandatory parameters which are described
in detail in the
.B PROGRAMMER SPECIFIC INFO
@@ -837,7 +839,7 @@ needs TCP access to the network or userspace access to a serial port.
.B buspirate_spi
needs userspace access to a serial port.
.sp
-.BR dediprog " and " ft2232_spi
+.BR dediprog ", " ft2232_spi " and " usbblaster_spi
need access to the USB device via libusb.
.sp
.B dummy
@@ -847,7 +849,7 @@ needs no access permissions at all.
.BR gfxnvidia ", " drkaiser ", " satasii ", " satamv " and " atahpt
have to be run as superuser/root, and need additional raw access permission.
.sp
-.BR serprog ", " buspirate_spi ", " dediprog " and " ft2232_spi
+.BR serprog ", " buspirate_spi ", " dediprog ", " usbblaster_spi " and " ft2232_spi
can be run as normal user on most operating systems if appropriate device
permissions are set.
.sp
diff --git a/flashrom.c b/flashrom.c
index 225b6f0..6a117b2 100644
--- a/flashrom.c
+++ b/flashrom.c
@@ -308,6 +308,18 @@ const struct programmer_entry programmer_table[] = {
},
#endif
+#if CONFIG_USBBLASTER_SPI == 1
+ {
+ .name = "usbblaster_spi",
+ .type = USB,
+ .devs.dev = devs_usbblasterspi,
+ .init = usbblaster_spi_init,
+ .map_flash_region = fallback_map,
+ .unmap_flash_region = fallback_unmap,
+ .delay = internal_delay,
+ },
+#endif
+
{0}, /* This entry corresponds to PROGRAMMER_INVALID. */
};
diff --git a/programmer.h b/programmer.h
index 03a71d8..b10f568 100644
--- a/programmer.h
+++ b/programmer.h
@@ -87,6 +87,9 @@ enum programmer {
#if CONFIG_LINUX_SPI == 1
PROGRAMMER_LINUX_SPI,
#endif
+#if CONFIG_USBBLASTER_SPI == 1
+ PROGRAMMER_USBBLASTER_SPI,
+#endif
PROGRAMMER_INVALID /* This must always be the last entry. */
};
@@ -431,6 +434,12 @@ int ft2232_spi_init(void);
extern const struct dev_entry devs_ft2232spi[];
#endif
+/* usbblaster_spi.c */
+#if CONFIG_USBBLASTER_SPI == 1
+int usbblaster_spi_init(void);
+extern const struct dev_entry devs_usbblasterspi[];
+#endif
+
/* rayer_spi.c */
#if CONFIG_RAYER_SPI == 1
int rayer_spi_init(void);
@@ -509,6 +518,9 @@ enum spi_controller {
#if CONFIG_SERPROG == 1
SPI_CONTROLLER_SERPROG,
#endif
+#if CONFIG_USBBLASTER_SPI == 1
+ SPI_CONTROLLER_USBBLASTER,
+#endif
};
#define MAX_DATA_UNSPECIFIED 0
diff --git a/usbblaster_spi.c b/usbblaster_spi.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..86fd573
--- /dev/null
+++ b/usbblaster_spi.c
@@ -0,0 +1,225 @@
+/*
+ * This file is part of the flashrom project.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 James Laird <jhl@mafipulation.org>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Device should be connected as per "active serial" mode:
+ *
+ * +---------+------+-----------+
+ * | SPI | Pin | Altera |
+ * +---------+------+-----------+
+ * | SCLK | 1 | DCLK |
+ * | GND | 2,10 | GND |
+ * | VCC | 4 | VCC(TRGT) |
+ * | MISO | 7 | DATAOUT |
+ * | /CS | 8 | nCS |
+ * | MOSI | 9 | ASDI |
+ * +---------+------+-----------+
+ *
+ * See also the USB-Blaster Download Cable User Guide: http://www.altera.com/literature/ug/ug_usb_blstr.pdf
+ */
+
+#if CONFIG_USBBLASTER_SPI == 1
+
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <ctype.h>
+#include <ftdi.h>
+#include "flash.h"
+#include "programmer.h"
+#include "spi.h"
+
+/* Please keep sorted by vendor ID, then device ID. */
+#define ALTERA_VID 0x09fb
+#define ALTERA_USBBLASTER_PID 0x6001
+
+const struct dev_entry devs_usbblasterspi[] = {
+ {ALTERA_VID, ALTERA_USBBLASTER_PID, OK, "Altera", "USB-Blaster"},
+
+ {}
+};
+
+static const struct spi_programmer spi_programmer_usbblaster;
+
+static struct ftdi_context ftdic;
+
+// command bytes
+#define BIT_BYTE (1<<7) // byte mode (rather than bitbang)
+#define BIT_READ (1<<6) // read request
+#define BIT_LED (1<<5)
+#define BIT_CS (1<<3)
+#define BIT_TMS (1<<1)
+#define BIT_CLK (1<<0)
+
+#define BUF_SIZE 64
+
+/* The programmer shifts bits in the wrong order for SPI, so we use this method to reverse the bits when needed.
+ * http://graphics.stanford.edu/~seander/bithacks.html#ReverseByteWith32Bits */
+uint8_t reverse(uint8_t b)
+{
+ return ((b * 0x0802LU & 0x22110LU) | (b * 0x8020LU & 0x88440LU)) * 0x10101LU >> 16;
+}
+
+
+/* Returns 0 upon success, a negative number upon errors. */
+int usbblaster_spi_init(void)
+{
+ uint8_t buf[BUF_SIZE + 1];
+
+ if (ftdi_init(&ftdic) < 0)
+ return -1;
+
+ if (ftdi_usb_open(&ftdic, ALTERA_VID, ALTERA_USBBLASTER_PID) < 0) {
+ msg_perr("Failed to open USB-Blaster: %s\n", ftdic.error_str);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ if (ftdi_usb_reset(&ftdic) < 0) {
+ msg_perr("USB-Blaster reset failed\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ if (ftdi_set_latency_timer(&ftdic, 2) < 0) {
+ msg_perr("USB-Blaster set latency timer failed\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ if (ftdi_write_data_set_chunksize(&ftdic, 4096) < 0 ||
+ ftdi_read_data_set_chunksize(&ftdic, BUF_SIZE) < 0) {
+ msg_perr("USB-Blaster set chunk size failed\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ memset(buf, 0, sizeof(buf));
+ buf[sizeof(buf)-1] = BIT_LED | BIT_CS;
+ if (ftdi_write_data(&ftdic, buf, sizeof(buf)) < 0) {
+ msg_perr("USB-Blaster reset write failed\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ if (ftdi_read_data(&ftdic, buf, sizeof(buf)) < 0) {
+ msg_perr("USB-Blaster reset read failed\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ register_spi_programmer(&spi_programmer_usbblaster);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int send_write(unsigned int writecnt, const unsigned char *writearr)
+{
+ int i;
+ uint8_t buf[BUF_SIZE];
+
+ memset(buf, 0, sizeof(buf));
+ while (writecnt) {
+ unsigned int n_write = min(writecnt, BUF_SIZE - 1);
+ msg_pspew("writing %d-byte packet\n", n_write);
+
+ buf[0] = BIT_BYTE | (uint8_t)n_write;
+ for (i = 0; i < n_write; i++) {
+ buf[i+1] = reverse(writearr[i]);
+ }
+ if (ftdi_write_data(&ftdic, buf, n_write + 1) < 0) {
+ msg_perr("USB-Blaster write failed\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ writearr += n_write;
+ writecnt -= n_write;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int send_read(unsigned int readcnt, unsigned char *readarr)
+{
+ int i;
+ unsigned int n_read;
+ uint8_t buf[BUF_SIZE];
+ memset(buf, 0, sizeof(buf));
+
+ n_read = readcnt;
+ while (n_read) {
+ unsigned int payload_size = min(n_read, BUF_SIZE - 1);
+ msg_pspew("reading %d-byte packet\n", payload_size);
+
+ buf[0] = BIT_BYTE | BIT_READ | (uint8_t)payload_size;
+ if (ftdi_write_data(&ftdic, buf, payload_size + 1) < 0) {
+ msg_perr("USB-Blaster write failed\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ n_read -= payload_size;
+ };
+
+ n_read = readcnt;
+ while (n_read) {
+ int ret = ftdi_read_data(&ftdic, readarr, n_read);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ msg_perr("USB-Blaster read failed\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ for (i = 0; i < ret; i++) {
+ readarr[i] = reverse(readarr[i]);
+ }
+ n_read -= ret;
+ readarr += ret;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Returns 0 upon success, a negative number upon errors. */
+static int usbblaster_spi_send_command(struct flashctx *flash, unsigned int writecnt, unsigned int readcnt,
+ const unsigned char *writearr, unsigned char *readarr)
+{
+ uint8_t cmd;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ cmd = BIT_LED; // asserts /CS
+ if (ftdi_write_data(&ftdic, &cmd, 1) < 0) {
+ msg_perr("USB-Blaster enable chip select failed\n");
+ ret = -1;
+ }
+
+ if (!ret && writecnt)
+ ret = send_write(writecnt, writearr);
+
+ if (!ret && readcnt)
+ ret = send_read(readcnt, readarr);
+
+ cmd = BIT_CS;
+ if (ftdi_write_data(&ftdic, &cmd, 1) < 0) {
+ msg_perr("USB-Blaster disable chip select failed\n");
+ ret = -1;
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+
+static const struct spi_programmer spi_programmer_usbblaster = {
+ .type = SPI_CONTROLLER_USBBLASTER,
+ .max_data_read = 256,
+ .max_data_write = 256,
+ .command = usbblaster_spi_send_command,
+ .multicommand = default_spi_send_multicommand,
+ .read = default_spi_read,
+ .write_256 = default_spi_write_256,
+ .write_aai = default_spi_write_aai,
+};
+
+#endif
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