|author||jkh <jkh@FreeBSD.org>||1994-11-08 03:26:37 +0000|
|committer||jkh <jkh@FreeBSD.org>||1994-11-08 03:26:37 +0000|
Here's the README for the ALPHA. It's less verbose, having had much
moved into its more proper home in the release notes.
Diffstat (limited to 'README')
1 files changed, 8 insertions, 206 deletions
@@ -35,211 +35,13 @@ hit ESC twice. Hitting TAB will move the focus to different controls.
If you've ever dealt with a DOS installation, you'll know how to deal
-WHAT'S NEW IN THIS RELEASE (preliminary list)
-As previously stated, this release is based entirely on CSRG's
-latest (and last) BSD release - 4.4 Lite. This features as number
-of improvements over 4.2BSD (Net/2), not least of which are:
-o Legal approval of Novell & U.C. Berkeley. After the settlement
- of the longstanding lawsuit between USL/UCB/Novell/BSDI, all
- parties were (strongly) encouraged to move to 4.4 Lite in order
- to avoid future legal entanglements. The fact that we've now done
- so should make this release much more attractive to potential
- commercial users.
-o Many new filesystem types, such as stackable filesystems, union
- filesystems, "portals", kernfs, a simple log-structured filesystem, a
- new version of NFS (NQNFS), etc. While some of these new filesystems
- are also rather unpolished and will require significant additional
- work to be truly robust, they're a good start.
-o 64bit offsets, allowing filesystems of up to 2^63 bytes in size.
-o Further work towards full POSIX compliance.
-And many many other features. For more documentation, it is recommended
-that you purchase the 4.4BSD Document Set from O'Reilly Associates and the
-USENIX Association. ISBN 1-56592-082-1
-IP multicast support
-The IP multicast support has been upgraded from the woefully ancient
-1.x code in 4.4-Lite to the most current and up-to-date 3.3 release
-from Steve D. and Ajit. The non-forwarding code is known to work (for
-some limited test cases). The multicast forwarder and user-mode
-multicast routing process are known to compile, but have not been
-significantly tested (hopefully this will happen before 2.0 release).
-Sources involved: sys/netinet, usr.sbin/mrouted
-Loadable Kernel Modules
-David Greenman incorporated NetBSD's port of Terry Lambert's loadable
-kernel module support. Garrett Wollman wrote the support for loadable
-file systems, and Søren Schmidt did the same for loadable execution
-Sources involved: sys/kern, sbin/modload, sbin/modunload,
-Most filesystems are now dynamically loadable on demand, with the
-exception of the UFS family (FFS, LFS, and MFS). With the exception
-of NFS, all such filestystems can be unloaded when all references are
-unmounted. To support this functionality, the getvfsbyname(3)
-family of functions has been added to the C library and the lsvfs(1)
-command provides the same information at the shell level. Be aware of
-the following current restrictions:
- - /usr/bin may not reside on a dynamically loaded filesystem.
- - There must be a writable /tmp directory available
- before filesystems are loaded (moving / to the top of your
- /etc/fstab file will accomplish this).
- - Some of the more esoteric filesystems simply don't work when loaded
- dynamically (though they often don't work "static", either.)
-Sources involved: sys/*fs, lkm/*fs, usr.bin/lsvfs, lib/libc/gen
-Since version 1.1.5, FreeBSD has supported the S/Key one time password scheme.
-The version used is derived from the logdaemon package of Wietse Venema.
-Some of the features new in 2.0 are:
- - New access control table format to impose the use of S/Keys
- based on: hostname, ip address, port, username, group id.
- - S/Key support can be disabled by not having the access control
-The second item explains the absence of skey.access in the installed /etc.
-To enable S/Key support, create a file skey.access in /etc and fill it
-according to your needs. See also skey.access(5) and the example in
-Owner: pst, guido
-Sources involved: lib/libskey, usr.bin/key* (plus patches to others)
-TCP/IP over parallel (printer) port
-You can now run TCP/IP over a standard LapLink(tm) cable, if both ends
-have a interrupt-driven printerport. The interface is named "lp0"
-where '0' is the same as the lpt# unit number. This is not compatible
-with PLIP. If you run NFS, try setting MTU to 9180, otherwise leave
-it at 1500 unless you have a good reason to change it. Speed varies
-with the CPU-type, with up to 70 kbyte/sec having been seen and 50
-kbyte/sec being the norm.
-Sources involved: isa/lpt.c
-If you have a PAS board with a CD-ROM, and the MS-DOS driver is called
-TSLCDR.SYS, then the "pas" driver should work on your card. You can
-attach disks, cdroms and tapes, but due to the nature of the hardware
-involved, the transfer rate is limited to < 690 kbyte/sec. For CD-ROM
-use, this is generally more than enough.
-Sources involved: isa/pas.c
-We have an experimental implementation for direct execution of gzip'ed
-binaries in this release. When enabled, it allows you to simply gzip
-your binaries, remove the '.gz' extension and make the file
-executable. There is a big speed and memory consumption penalty for
-doing this, but for laptop users it may be worthwhile. The maximum
-savings are generally around 10 Mb of disk space.
-Sources involved: kern/imgact_gzip.c kern/inflate.c
-Diskless booting it in 2.0 and much improved since 1.1.5. The boot-program
-is in src/sys/i386/boot/netboot, and can be run from a MSDOS system or
-burned into an EPROM. Local swapping is possible. Presently WD, SMC and
-Novell cards are supported.
-Owner: Martin Renters & phk
-Sources involved: i386/boot/netboot, sys/nfs/nfs_vfsops.h
-Device configuration database
-The kernel now keeps better track of which device drivers are active and
-where the devices are attached; this information is made available to
-user programs via the new sysctl(3) management interface. Current
-applications include lsdev(8), which lists the currently configured
-devices. In the future, we expect to use this code to automatically
-generate a configuration file for you at installation time.
-Sources involved: sys/i386, sys/scsi, sys/kern/kern_devconf.c,
- sys/sys/devconf.h, usr.sbin/lsdev
-Kernel management interface
-With 4.4-Lite, we now have a better management interface for the endless
-series of kernel variables and parameters which were previously manipulated
-by reading and writing /dev/kmem. Many programs have been rewritten to
-use this interface, although many old-style programs still remain. Some
-variables which were never accessible before are now available through
-the sysctl(1) program. In addition to the standard 4.4BSD MIB variables,
-we have added support for YP/NIS domains (kern.domainname), controlling
-the update daemon (kern.update), retrieving the OS release date
-(kern.osreldate), determining the name of the booted kernel (kern.bootfile),
-and checking for hardware floating-point support (hw.floatingpoint).
-We have also added support to make management queries of devices and
-Sources involved: sys, usr.bin/sysctl
-FreeBSD now supports running iBCS2 compatible binaries (currently
-SCO UNIX 3.2.2 & 3.2.4 and ISC 2.2 COFF format are supported).
-The iBCS2 emulator is in its early stages, but it is functional, we
-havn't been able to do exhaustive testing (lack of commercial apps),
-but allmost all of SCO's 3.2.2 binaries are working, so is an old
-INFORMIX-2.10 for SCO. Further testing is nessesary to complete this
-project. There is also work under way for ELF & XOUT loaders, and
-most of the svr4 syscall wrappers have been written.
-Owner: Soren Schmidt (sos) & Sean Eric Fagan (sef)
-Sources involved: sys/i386/ibcs2/* + misc kernel changes.
+For a more complete description of what's new in this release, please
+see the release notes.
+For more documentation on this system, it is recommended that you purchase
+the 4.4BSD Document Set from O'Reilly Associates and the USENIX Association.
+ISBN 1-56592-082-1 We have no connection with O'Reilly, we're just
Have fun, and please let us know of any problems you encounter with
@@ -249,7 +51,7 @@ Comments should be sent to:
Bug reports should be sent using the `send-pr' utility, if you
-were able to get the system installed; otherwise send mail to:
+were able to get the system installed, otherwise to:
@@ -264,4 +66,4 @@ are often strained to the limit (if not somewhat past!).
- The FreeBSD Project team
+ The FreeBSD Project